What Exactly is Hip Replacement Surgery?
Hip replacement surgery entails removal of damaged and degraded areas of the hip joints and their replacement with new, artificial implants. This surgery serves to help relieve pain, enable fast healing of joint pain, and ensure better movement and improving muscular or physical activity involving the hip joint.
Who is Liable for Hip Replacement Surgery?
The main cause behind this surgery is to treat osteoarthritis in the hip joint area. The doctor usually suggests this surgery for people suffering from a variety of diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteonecrosis, injury and pain of the hip joint as well as osteomas or bone tumors that affect the hip joint region. Generally surgery is not the immediate mode of treatment recommended, but it is more seen as a follow-up cure when all other side treatments have failed to provide proper permanent relief. Certain alternative treatments that are recommended before surgery are exercise regimen, physiotherapy, medication as well as regular walking. When the pain in the hip joint is such that regular activities get inhibited, it’s time for a surgery. This can also be decided by x-ray results which give an accurate estimation of the extent of damage.
How to Prepare for this Surgery?
This surgery is quite simple and short. One can prepare by reading through protocol booklets before the surgery; these are usually provided by the doctor. It is advisable to maintain a complete state of relaxation before the operation, which means someone should drive the patient to the hospital as well. Post-operative care entails complete care and bed rest, even driving and walking should be kept at bay. Ideally the leg must be rested on high surface to speed up the recovery process. Items of daily use must be kept in the night stand so that they are at an easy access.
What Problems can Occur After Surgery?
The most common problem that can occur is hip dislocation. The ball may come out of the socket joint since the hips used as implants are actually very fragile and artificial. Then again, the body may treat it as a foreign agent and mount an incessant immune response which may lead to swelling, inflammation and consequent rejection of the hip implant. To prevent this, pre-operative measures are taken such as keeping the patient in a sterile condition along with continuous administration of immunosuppressant’s for a period of six months. Bone clots also occur in minority of cases although they are rare.
Does Exercise help in Recovery After Surgery?
Regular and restricted exercise does reduce rigidity and pain. It can also promote greater muscular activity as well as bone strength. However, sports or immensely exerting activities should be avoided as they may result in hip dislocation. Walking, swimming and bicycling are safe as they increase blood circulation and reduce chances of injury in the hip joint area. Too much of jogging, skipping and running must be avoided. Only A month after the surgery can the patient begin exercise and movement, to allow complete hip replacement recovery!