Infertility is described as the inability to conceive a child within 12 months of trying. Most couples can conceive within the first few months, and it’s only around 15 percent that can’t achieve their goal for a variety of reasons. Certain health conditions, age-related factors, and having an unhealthy body weight can all contribute to infertility. If you’re having trouble trying to conceive and you’ve already been trying for a year, it may be a good idea to seek help from a professional, so you can understand what the issue is and what the most beneficial treatments available are.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, or PCOS, is when women of childbearing age are unable to conceive due to hormonal imbalances. Three of the most common signs of PCOS include excess androgen (male hormones), irregular periods, and having enlarged ovaries that fail to function properly. One of the major complications that PCOS causes is infertility because this condition makes ovulation occur irregularly or not at all. Clomid is a popular fertility drug used to help people with PCOS get pregnant, but unfortunately, it doesn’t help everyone. Other treatment options include Letrozole, Gonadotropins, and In Vitro Fertilization, or IVF. Make sure to ask your doctor about the IVF success rates with polycystic ovary syndrome if you’ve tried other treatments with no success.

Unhealthy Body Weight

Being overweight does not only have a negative impact on your overall health, but it can make it hard for you to conceive. If you have a body mass index, or BMI, of less than 18, you may also have trouble getting pregnant because you may not be getting enough nutrients necessary for the eggs to develop properly. A healthy body weight is when your BMI is between 18 and 31. Obesity can make it hard for your body to respond to fertility treatments. It’s a good idea to talk to your doctor about how much weight you may need to lose and the best methods to do so to increase your chances of getting pregnant. It’s not expected of you to lose a significant amount of weight in a short span of time.

Age-Related Factors

Age can have a big impact on your ability to conceive naturally. Fertility decreases once you reach 30, and then starts to decrease more rapidly after age 35. Your partner’s age also has an impact on your chances of conceiving because age can decrease the quality and mobility of the sperm. If you or your partner is older than 35, there is hope for getting pregnant. If you’re still trying to have a baby after six months of trying, it’s time to get checked out.

Other Health Conditions

There are many other conditions that can contribute to infertility. These include; pelvic inflammatory disease, birth defects, previous infections, sexually transmitted diseases, scar tissue, endometriosis, reproductive tract infections, hormonal imbalances, and exposure to DES, or diethylstilbestrol. If you track your menstrual cycle and notice you’re having irregular periods, are not ovulating, or haven’t been able to conceive a child, you should first make an appointment with your gynecologist. If necessary. They will be able to refer you to a fertility specialist.

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Sara T. Loving

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