Erectile dysfunction, formerly known as impotence, is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection and dissatisfaction with the size, rigidity, and duration of erections.Erectile dysfunction is not only caused by physical problems but also psychological problems.

What are the risk factors for erectile dysfunction?

It is also a symptom of many disorders and diseases.

Among the direct risk factors for erectile dysfunction may include the following:

  • Problems of the prostate
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Vascular disease and vascular surgery
  • High levels of cholesterol in the blood
  • Low levels of high-density lipoproteins
  • Neurogenic diseases
  • Depression
  • Alcohol consumption
  • The deficient sexual techniques
  • Inadequate interpersonal relationships

Smoking, this accentuates the effects of other risk factors, such as vascular disease or hypertension.

Age seems to be an essential and an indirect risk factor since it is associated with the probability of an increase in direct risk factors, some of which were previously mentioned.

It is estimated that about 4% of men become impotent around 50 years of age, and 17% of men in their sixties have difficulty achieving an erection. Accurate identification of risk factors and characterization are essential for the prevention or treatment of erectile dysfunction.

What are the different types (and causes) of erectile dysfunction?

Here are some of the different types of impotence and their possible causes:

Performance anxiety

Performance anxiety is a common form of psychogenic impotence, usually caused by stress or anxiety.


Depression is another cause of psychogenic impotence. Some antidepressant medications cause erectile dysfunction.

Organic impotency

Organic impotence affects the arteries or veins of the penis or both and is the most common cause of infertility, especially in elderly men. When the problem is arterial, it is usually caused by arteriosclerosis or hardening of the arteries, although the reason could be trauma to the arteries. The controllable risk factors of arteriosclerosis – excess weight, lack of exercise, high cholesterol, high blood pressure and cigarette smoking – can often cause erectile dysfunction before affecting the heart. Some experts are bare of the opinion that when veins are the cause, venous effusion or “cavernous insufficiency” is the most common vascular problem.


Impotence is common in people with diabetes. In the United States, there are 10.9 million adult men with diabetes, and it’s estimated that 35 to 50 percent of them are impotent. The process involves the premature and unusually severe hardening of the arteries. Usually, people with diabetes can suffer from peripheral neuropathy, which affects the nerves that control erections.

Neurological causes

There are many neurological causes (nerve problems) of impotence. Diabetes, chronic alcoholism, multiple sclerosis, heavy metal poisoning, injuries to the spinal cord and nerves, and nerves damaged by pelvic operations can cause erectile dysfunction.

Drug-induced impotence

A wide variety of prescription medications, such as medications for hypertension, anti-depressant and anti-anxiety medications, eye drops for glaucoma and cancer chemotherapeutic agents are just some of the many medications associated with impotence.

Erectile dysfunction treatment

The specific treatment of erectile dysfunction will be determined by your doctor based on the following:

  • Your age, general health, and medical history
  • How much has the illness progressed?
  • Patient resolve for specific medications, procedures or therapies
  • Expectations for the course of the disease

Your opinion or preference like using   Kamagra jelly  which enhances sexual performance in a long mile by increasing sexual libido and making a man last longer.

How to cope with the problem?

Erectile dysfunction can bring problems in a couple. In severe cases, men will avoid sexual intercourse due to their emotional pain associated with erectile dysfunction, causing their partner a feeling of rejection or ineptitude. It’s vital to communicate openly with your partner. Some couples seek treatment for erectile dysfunction together, while other men prefer to seek treatment without the knowledge of their partner. Lack of communication is the main obstacle to finding a cure and may prolong suffering. The loss of erection capacity can have a profound effect on a man. The positive is that erectile dysfunction can usually be treated safely and efficiently.

About the author

Sara T. Loving

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